Section 196A of Income Tax Act: Income in respect of units of non-residents Income Tax


Amended and updated notes on section 196A of Income Tax Act 1961 as amended by the Finance Act 2020 and Income-tax Rules, 1962. Detail discussion on provisions and rules related to Income in respect of units of non-residents.

Chapter XVII (Sections 190 to 234G) of the Income Tax Act 1961 deals with the provisions related to collection and recovery of tax. Section 196A of IT Act 1961 provides for Income in respect of units of non-residents.

Recently, we have discussed in detail section 196 (Interest or dividend or other sums payable to Government, Reserve Bank or certain corporations) of IT Act 1961. Today, we learn the provisions of section 196A of Income-tax Act 1961. The amended provision of section 196A is effective for financial year 2020-21 relevant to the assessment year 2021-22.

In this article, you will learn detail of the provisions of section 196A of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Bare Act read with the Income-tax Rules, 1962 as provided by Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

Section-196A: Income in respect of units of non-residents

Section 196A(1) of Income Tax Act

Any person responsible for paying to a non-resident, not being a company, or to a foreign company, any income in respect of units of a Mutual Fund specified under clause (23D) of section 10 or from the specified company referred to in the Explanation to clause (35) of section 10 shall, at the time of credit of such income to the account of the payee or at the time of payment thereof by any mode, whichever is earlier, deduct income-tax thereon at the rate of twenty per cent.

[Sub-section(1) of section 196A has been amended w.e.f. 01.04.2020 by the Finance Act 2020]

Section 196A(2) of Income Tax Act

Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), no deduction of tax shall be made from any income payable in respect of units of the Unit Trust of India to a non-resident Indian or a non-resident Hindu undivided family, where the units have been acquired from the Unit Trust of India out of the funds in a Non-resident (External) Account maintained with any bank in India or by remittance of funds in foreign currency, in accordance, in either case, with the provisions of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (42 of 1999), and the rules made thereunder.

Explanation: For the purposes of this section—

  • (a) “foreign currency” shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (42 of 1999);
  • (b) “non-resident Indian” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (e) of section 115C;
  • (c) “Unit Trust of India” means the Unit Trust of India established under the Unit Trust of India Act, 1963 (52 of 1963);

(d) where any income as aforesaid is credited to any account, whether called “Suspense account” or by any other name, in the books of account of the person liable to pay such income, such crediting shall be deemed to be credit of such income to the account of the payee and the provisions of this section shall apply accordingly.



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